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The political economy of environmental problems caused by the animal feed industry in mainland Southeast Asia
The grant will support:
Meat consumption and the appeal of plant-centric diets across Latin America: Exploring motivational conflict and cultural heterogeneity
Aim of the research work which focuses on five Latin American countries (Argentina, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Peru) and Spain:
Fieldwork to measure and analyze greenhouse gas emissions that come from large, industrial animal farms in Cameroon
The research is the first step of a larger project to compare emissions from industrial animal farms with those from non-industrial alternative farms to assess which systems are better in reducing emissions.
The grant will support the collection of a very large number of gas and manure samples, from the cost of supplies to traveling expenses to farms. While manure samples can be analyzed locally, gas samples will need to be sent to a specialized laboratory for analysis which incur expenses.
What are the pressures from parties embedded in the value chain that drive animal farming sector in developing countries in Europe to invest in industrial systems and intensify animal agriculture?
In emerging economies that are transitioning to large-scale, industrial animal farming systems (particularly those that may apply or have applied for EU membership), livestock farmers are strongly influenced by pressures exerted by parties within the value chain, particularly by meat processing corporations. These pressures can seriously impact how the farmers and producers treat their animals.
The grant will support research work that uses Hungary as a case study (a EU member state on the low end of the socio-economic spectrum, but transitioning its animal agriculture to intensive, industrial systems), collecting primary empirical data from farmers and processing companies that are related to pressures in the value chain.
Describe and quantify the animal welfare and environmental concerns in each of the hundreds of fish species raised in aquaculture farms, many of which are in low- and middle-income countries.
The grant will support preliminary steps and groundwork and consultation with colleagues. For example, figure out welfare indicators that are usable and possible to collect for each fish species, and determine which aspects to measure.
At present, regulations for farmed fish (if they exist at all) do not make distinction regarding species. But fish species being farmed around the world are radically different from each other, and almost all of them are wild species. Each fish species has its own needs and type of behavior. One needs species-specific and country-specific knowledge which is sorely lacking at present. Nevertheless, very early research has surmised that some fish species are particularly unsuitable to captivity while others are relatively amenable to being farmed on a large scale under certain conditions.
The final outcome of the larger project (if it is completed) will be a free online database that categorizes each fish species currently farmed in many countries along several welfare and environmental dimensions. Everyone (including fish farmers, corporations, NGOs, governments) will be able to find out which fish species is better for which production method in which country in terms of less harm to the animals' well-being and the environment.
Test new research method for identifying links between food policies and consumer demand for chickens and eggs in India.
The grant supports a pilot study in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu to collect data and test a new research method that can be very useful in understanding the links between government food policies and rising demand by the country’s consumers for chickens and eggs, not just in different Indian states but also in other Southeast Asia countries (e.g. Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka). The study is done in collaboration with Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University.
Tamil Nadu is chosen for the pilot because poultry production is very important to that state’s economy, and because of the poultry consumption patterns there. It holds the second-largest population of egg-producing hens in the country, and one of the highest populations of concentration of vertically integrated commercial poultry farms. It is also a state with high social policies interventions.
Map networks that support or engage in sustainable, humane agriculture in agrarian low- and middle-income countries.
The grant assists research to map networks that support or engage in sustainable agriculture across predominately agrarian low- and middle-income countries – networks that can help the countries to shift away from factory farming and move towards agriculture systems that are humane and sustainable.
Considered for mapping are networks, cooperatives, and public-private partnerships that originate from, for example, government agencies and services that advise farming communities, policies aimed at innovations, conservation initiatives, international bodies that assist countries to develop.
For each country, questions that will be asked include:
How large-scale farming of octopus in countries such as Mexico, Chile, Spain, China is developed and financed.
The grant is used to lay the groundwork of an investigative study into recent interest in various countries (e.g. Mexico, Chile, Spain, China) in developing and financing large-scale farming of octopus for human consumption.
Among the work to be supported by the grant is a systematic review of the literature (academic papers and gray literature as well as government grants/subsidies databases) in order to understand industry funding, government subsidies, and university-based investments that are aimed at getting the mass production of octopus off the ground.
Farmer-led strategies to resist factory farming in the Global South
The research project is about “understanding the dynamics of small-scale and industrial livestock production in emerging economies such as Brazil, India, and China, as well as regions of the world that have traditionally received less attention in ‘pro-poor’ agricultural development, such as parts of West Africa or East Africa”.
The project aims to:
Alternative model to industrial poultry operations in South India involving the use of indigenous slower-growing poultry breeds
The project will:
Globalization’s impact on industrial animal agricultural expansion and animal welfare in developing countries reliant on halal production practices
The research project seeks to understand the direct and indirect impact and interplay of several complex issues:
Financial supports enabling factory farming industry to expand to emerging markets, and interventions that can impede the expansion
The research project will explore:
The research will look into issues such as: (1) “Analogs from disrupted industries” (e.g. horse and carriage, coal, newspapers). (2) “Investment guidelines for trusts” held by pension funds, faith-based organizations, governments. (3) “Examples of catastrophic financial events that have affected factory farming operations”. (4) “The financial risks investors (private public, and government) face when they are involved in factory farming” (e.g. lawsuits, food poisonings, human epidemics, waste regulation, animal cruelty scandals, climate disasters). (5) “How the capital from debt and equity investors flows into factory farms”.