Works We Funded

  • See HERE for a full list of all the grants we provided and projects we supported since our founding in 2019.
  • Some of the funding we provided were fellowship awards to PhD holders and students. Fellowship winners are required to produce reports which we call "Guidance Memos". 
  • Guidance Memos are reports written in plain language, relevant to one or more "burning questions" we have collected from leaders of NGOs working to address negative impacts of industrial food animal production, particularly concerning developing countries.
  • Guidance Memos provide sound information and clear explanations that deepen readers’ understanding of the issues addressed, highlight key considerations that they may not be aware of, and offer practical advice that helps their work and decision-making.
  • All Guidance Memos are listed below. Their shortened titles, authors, and keywords are searchable.
TITLE: Situational analysis of farm animal cruelty in large farms, community, government authorities in Kenya. AUTHOR: M. Luvanda. KEYWORDS: animal welfare; farmers; government; Kenya.

December 1, 2021

This report highlights the leading farm animal welfare concerns in Kenya, and the current legislation and policies in Kenya that are relevant to farm animal welfare. It also explains the main reasons why farm animals in the country are not handled and treated well and how the concerns can be addressed.

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TITLE: How have corporate industrial food systems been entrenched into the Arab region? AUTHOR: C. Henderson. KEYWORDS: agribusinesses; investments; governments; Gulf states; Egypt; Morocco; Lebanon.

November 1, 2021

This Guidance Memo examines the rapid growth of agribusinesses and corporate food systems in the Arab region since the 1980s, especially the underlying political and economic factors. Egypt, Morocco, and Lebanon are used as case studies.

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TITLE: Opinions of stakeholders in Brazil towards gene editing of farm animals. AUTHOR: M.C. Yunes. KEYWORDS: gene editing; cattle; animal welfare; opinion survey; Brazil.

November 1, 2021

Laypersons, farmers, and professionals involved with livestock production in Brazil have different opinions about applying gene editing technology to farm animals.

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TITLE: Uneven meatification of diets in six countries and urgency of re-meatification with plant-meat alternatives. AUTHORS: A. Gray; T. Weis. KEYWORDS: consumption; plant-based meat; corporations; U.S., Germany, Brazil, China, India, Nigeria.

October 1, 2021

This Guidance Memo reviews the trajectories of meat consumption shifting from the periphery to the center of human diets (i.e. "meatification") in six countries (two high-income − U.S., Germany; two upper middle-income − Brazil, China; two lower middle-income − India, Nigeria). It also suggests that plant-based ingredients that resemble meat (i.e. "plant-meats") could play an crucial role in reversing meatification although they should not be seen as a silver bullet.

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TITLE: Review of global industrial aquaculture supply chains' social, ecological, political problems. AUTHORS: T. Clark; S. Longo. KEYWORDS: aquaculture; fisheries; corporations; environmental issues.

September 1, 2021

This Guidance Memo highlights characteristics of global industrial aquaculture value chains. For example: Most producers are located in global South countries, but rely on input (e.g. feed, pest control agents) that are often in the hands of wealthy corporations in the EU and U.S. Global supply chains are buyer-driven, with massive grocery and retail food conglomerates based in the global North being the most powerful buyers.

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TITLE: Understanding the emerging game meat value chain in South Africa. AUTHORS: M. Sommerville; S. Brooks; T. Kamuti; L. Khumalo. KEYWORDS: wild animals; game industry; consumption; South Africa.

August 1, 2021

Expansion and intensification of game meat production in South Africa is gathering momentum. This is primarily due to efforts by the South African game industry which views expansion and formalization of the game meat value chain to be a good way forward as it faces many challenges and is at a crossroad in 2020. Among the most significant challenges are the collapse in game prices and the economic shut-downs associated with COVID-19.

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TITLE: The impact of European Union Common Agricultural Policy on the intensification of animal farming in Bulgaria, Romania, and other countries. AUTHORS: W. Gogłoza; R. Pastuszko. KEYWORDS: government subsidies; animal welfare; EU.

January 1, 2021

Animal farming has intensified in Bulgaria and Romania (both are middle-income countries) in recent years. Many more animals are now reared in large farms that use intensive production practices, while the number of small farms have dwindled. This Guidance Memo charts the significant shift toward intensification, and explains why its key driver is the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).

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TITLE: Examining messages about food in popular Kenyan media. AUTHOR: K. O'Neill. KEYWORDS: media; blogs; consumption; meat; vegetarian; Kenya.

August 1, 2020

By analyzing content related to meat, vegetarian, and vegan food in blogs and magazines in Kenya, this Guidance Memo uncovers cultural themes, attitudes, and beliefs about food in today's Kenyan popular media (e.g. lifestyle and nation are strong themes). It also gives practical suggestions on promoting the reduction of meat consumption.

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TITLE: Large-scale cattle and pig production systems in three regions of Armenia. AUTHORS: K. Winans; I. Mkrtchyan. KEYWORDS: environmental issues; animal welfare; cattle; pigs; Armenia.

August 1, 2020

This Guidance Memo gives an overview and assessment of developments in large-scale cattle and pig productions in Armenia as seen in 2020, why they are happening, and where they are heading, especially with regard to these production systems’ impact on the environment, animal wellbeing, and human health.

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TITLE: Problems that industrial chickens pose to Guatemala's income generation, food security, health, and nutrition. AUTHOR: I. Fenton. KEYWORDS: corporations; poultry; Guatemala.

April 1, 2020

This Guidance Memo explains the major role played by: (1) a few powerful home-grown businesses and brands, (2) cross-border and international trade and policies, in flooding Guatemala with industrially-produced chickens in the last half century, turning chicken meat from being relatively unpopular with consumers in the 1970s to supplying 60% of Guatemalans’ protein in 2019. It also suggests strategies to defeat "industrial chickens" such as forming alliances across social movements and challenging industry claims through social media.

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