Conversation with Prof. Donald Broom (Cambridge University) on pig welfare - Conversations With Clive series #2

Key topics of this conversation from April 2022: 1) Pigs are bright, social animals. 2) Pigs' living condition and confinement is currently the worst pig welfare problem. 3) Changes in pig rearing practices. 4) Farrowing crates and alternatives. 5) Free range outdoor pigs. 6) Slaughtering many animals during disease outbreaks. 7) Problems with rearing piglets (castrations, tail-docking, etc.) 8) Consumers want pigs to be less confined. 9) Transporting pigs. 10) The future.

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Conversation with Prof. Cathy Dwyer (University of Edinburgh) on Sheep Welfare - Conversations With Clive series #1

Key topics of this conversation from March 2022: 1) Smallholder sheep farming is important for livelihoods in lower and middle-income countries. 2) Are extensive systems free from welfare problems? 3) Are sheep looked after better in advanced countries? 4) Fewer new sheep farmers. 5) Fly strike. 6) Tail docking. 7) Shearing is major welfare challenge. 8) Castration of male lambs. 9) Long distance live transport's many problems. 10) Looking ahead: Sheep's multiple roles from wool, milk, to land conservation. 11) Sheep farming in the UK.

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TITLE: Situational analysis of farm animal cruelty in large farms, community, government authorities in Kenya. AUTHOR: M. Luvanda. KEYWORDS: animal welfare; farmers; government; Kenya.

This report highlights the leading farm animal welfare concerns in Kenya, and the current legislation and policies in Kenya that are relevant to farm animal welfare. It also explains the main reasons why farm animals in the country are not handled and treated well and how the concerns can be addressed.

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TITLE: How have corporate industrial food systems been entrenched into the Arab region? AUTHOR: C. Henderson. KEYWORDS: agribusinesses; investments; governments; Gulf states; Egypt; Morocco; Lebanon.

This Guidance Memo examines the rapid growth of agribusinesses and corporate food systems in the Arab region since the 1980s, especially the underlying political and economic factors. Egypt, Morocco, and Lebanon are used as case studies.

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TITLE: Opinions of stakeholders in Brazil towards gene editing of farm animals. AUTHOR: M.C. Yunes. KEYWORDS: gene editing; cattle; animal welfare; opinion survey; Brazil.

Laypersons, farmers, and professionals involved with livestock production in Brazil have different opinions about applying gene editing technology to farm animals.

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Issue 11: Outlook of animal agriculture sectors in China, from the lens of Chinese academics

This issue of Academic Studies Without Tears gives snapshots of current developments and outlook of five sectors in China: Pork, broiler chickens, eggs, dairy, beef according to a sample of academic papers written by one or more academic researcher(s) in China, or a team with a China-based lead author.

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TITLE: Uneven meatification of diets in six countries and urgency of re-meatification with plant-meat alternatives. AUTHORS: A. Gray; T. Weis. KEYWORDS: consumption; plant-based meat; corporations; U.S., Germany, Brazil, China, India, Nigeria.

This Guidance Memo reviews the trajectories of meat consumption shifting from the periphery to the center of human diets (i.e. "meatification") in six countries (two high-income − U.S., Germany; two upper middle-income − Brazil, China; two lower middle-income − India, Nigeria). It also suggests that plant-based ingredients that resemble meat (i.e. "plant-meats") could play an crucial role in reversing meatification although they should not be seen as a silver bullet.

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TITLE: Review of global industrial aquaculture supply chains' social, ecological, political problems. AUTHORS: T. Clark; S. Longo. KEYWORDS: aquaculture; fisheries; corporations; environmental issues.

This Guidance Memo highlights characteristics of global industrial aquaculture value chains. For example: Most producers are located in global South countries, but rely on input (e.g. feed, pest control agents) that are often in the hands of wealthy corporations in the EU and U.S. Global supply chains are buyer-driven, with massive grocery and retail food conglomerates based in the global North being the most powerful buyers.

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