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Key topics of this conversation from August 2023: 1) Clive introduces Zulkifli Idrus. 2) Red Junglefowl are the ancestors of modern chicken breeds. 3) Tonic immobility tests show modern commercial chicken breeds are less fearful than Junglefowl. 4) Biggest problems to broiler (meat) chicken welfare - rapid growth, leg and skin problems. 5) Cardiovascular problems and sudden-death syndrome. 6) Skin problems - contact dermatitis with breast, foot-pad and upper leg (hock) injuries. 7) Feed restriction methods to manage rapid growth rate in hot climates. 8) Harvesting and transportation issues. 9) Nutritional supplements such as probiotics and prebiotics to improve gut health. 10) Heat stress mitigation and future challenges with climate change. 11) Welfare issues concerning stocking densities and litter quality. 12) Welfare of layer chickens and other poultry. 13) Final comments.Learn More
Eight works by academics are featured and they cover these topics: 1) Government policies shaping aquaculture. 2) Industrial livestock production in China. 3) Large investors' interest in animal welfare. 4) Environmental pressures from different foods. 5) Implementing international animal welfare standards. 6) Cage-free egg production in China. 7) Game meat production in South Africa. 8) Meat consumption reduction in Brazil.
This report focuses on four topics about dairy in India: Dairy consumption; dairy production; animal welfare of dairy animals; unique socio-cultural factors.Learn More
TITLE: Addressing the issues of industrial poultry in Egypt (Arabic version: انفلونزا الطيور والدعم الغذائي معالجة قضايا الدواجن الصناعية في مصر). AUTHOR: M.W. Dixon. KEYWORDS: poultry; diseases; corporations; government policies; food security; Egypt.
With the rise of a corporate agri-food system in Egypt since the 1980s, the country's industrial poultry production has increased dramatically. This report focuses on two main concerns with Egypt's corporate poultry industry.Learn More
TITLE: Egg producer and egg buyer disconnect - Exploring barriers and levers to increase cage-free egg production in China. AUTHOR: A. Bright. KEYWORDS: cage-free egg production; egg producers; egg consumption; China.
About 40% of the world's chicken eggs come from China. Although there is interest in cage-free eggs production in China, the transition has been slow. This report focuses on a key reason: A fundamental disconnect between egg producers and buyers (retailers and end consumers).Learn More
TITLE: The role of major retailers and supermarkets in the transition from industrial animal agriculture to alternative proteins in low- and middle-income countries - The case of Brazil. AUTHOR: G.G. Reis. KEYWORDS: meat consumption; diet; alternative pro
This report analyzes how supermarkets in Brazil promote plant-based "meat" compared with animal-based products. It also compares plant-based products coming from companies that also offer meat (i.e. meat processing companies) with products from companies that only manufacture plant-based products (plant-based "exclusive" firms).Learn More
This report focuses on three key claims driving the huge growth in recent decades in the production and consumption of dairy products in China – a country that historically had low level of interest in these products.Learn More
Why are small-scale family dairy farms expanding to larger scale industrialized systems such as compost barns in Santa Catarina, one of the largest dairy production regions in Brazil? Compost barns are presented to small-scale farmers as a modern and efficient production model. Farmers perceive that by adopting these intensive confined systems, they will acquire the social status associated with modernity. To curb the further adoption of compost barns and encourage the use of pasture-based systems instead, one needs to take multiple steps and approaches.Learn More
TITLE: The path towards CAFO in Argentina (Spanish version: El proceso de intensificación de la ganadería en Argentina). AUTHOR: S. Pezzetta. KEYWORDS: pig production; government; corporations; trade; animal welfare; Argentina; China.
What factors have led Argentina to intensify its pig farming? How did the 2020 government agreement with Chinese investors to build mega pig farms in the country come about? What were stakeholders' response? Did animal welfare matter? This report seeks to throw light on these questions.Learn More
TITLE: Las universidades públicas de Argentina como instituciones clave para la reducción del consumo de productos de origen animal (English version: Public universities in Argentina as critical institutions for reducing animal food product consumption).
What practical issues should one consider if one wants canteens in public universities in Argentina to serve vegetarian food? What practical steps can one take to make this happen and to sustain it for the long term? Can serving vegetarian meals save universities money, reduce environmental impacts, and help students adopt a vegetarian diet?Learn More