Issue 16: Dairy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs): Quiz!

March 14, 2023

All recipients of Academic Studies Without Tears are concerned about animal agriculture in LMICs.

Let's see who can pick the correct answers to all six quiz questions about dairy in these countries!


1. Small-scale dairy producers in LMICs are losing out to large national and global dairy corporations. Why?

Three reasons below are true. One is FALSE – which one is it?

(a) Drop in domestic dairy consumption. (b) Cannot meet food safety standards and quality assurance. (c) Excluded from value chain. (d) No access to robotics.

2. The huge growth in production and consumption of dairy products in China owes a lot to some powerful (but problematic) claims. What are these claims?

Three claims below are real. One claim is MADE-UP and does not exist which one is it?

(a) Dairy is cheap. (b) Dairy is nutritious. (c) Consuming dairy is patriotic. (d) Rising consumer income has increased the demand for dairy products which needs to be met.

3. India is the largest dairy producer and has the largest dairy herd in the world. But it faces challenges and trade-offs regarding dairy animal welfare. What are these challenges?

Three challenges below are real. One is NOT a challenge for India which one is it?

(a) How to treat large, intensified farms that provide better animal welfare than many small-scale farms. (b) How to stop farmers from abandoning their unproductive animals. (c) How to get farmers to raise dairy buffaloes which are better suited to India's climate than cows. (d) How to address welfare issues without impinging on the cow's cultural and religious role.

4. Smallholder family dairy farmers in Brazil's Santa Catarina region – one of the country's top dairy production regions – are turning to confined, intensive systems. Why?

Three reasons below are false. One is TRUE which one is it?

(a) They are aging and have no young generations to help them. (b) It is no longer possible to stay with the smaller-scale pasture-based systems because of climate change. (c) Intensive dairy systems enable them to raise poultry and pigs as well. (d) They think intensive systems are more "modern".

5. What percentage of milk consumed in Africa is produced in Africa?

Which is the CORRECT percentage?

(a) 25%. (b) 50%. (c) 75%. (d) 100%.

6. Why does one need a much better understanding of GHG emissions from dairy production in LMICs?

Three reasons below are false. One is TRUE which one is it?

(a) Dairy animals in LMICs are multi-purpose and do not only provide milk. (b) Dairy systems in LMICs are now in the hands of large-scale firms that lack transparency. (c) A lot of dairy products and their emissions in LMICs are exported to high-income countries. (d) Consumers of dairy products in LMICs are very concerned about GHG emissions.

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